‘Obesity’ is technically defined as a severe form of overweight, where the body mass index (BMI) is >30kg/m2. There is much debate across policy makers and experts over the world as to whether obesity is a disease or a symptom of an underlying problem. I personally view obesity as a symptom and a risk factor, rather than a disease in itself.
There is no doubt that severe obesity can restrict the quality of life one is able to lead, including ability to work and have meaningful social relationships. This would be considered ‘pathologic obesity’.
There are other people who, by BMI standards and medically considered ‘obese’ but in actual fact might have a high muscle mass, or even could be carrying extra body fat but be metabolically quite healthy. These people will not have many limitations on their lifestyle and activity and in most cases, can expect to have a normal lifespan.
Those who have more of a ‘pathological obesity’ might be at the point where they are considering measures such as weight loss surgery. These people should talk to a practitioner who is experienced in lifestyle measures to address obesity, as an avenue might be uncovered that might not have been considered before. This could potentially have a profoundly positive impact. It is worthwhile considering this before the risks of surgery are pursued.